Nutrients and other components of food influence functioning of the body, can protect against disease, help restore health as well as support our response to environmental stresses. In some situations and some people, diet can pose a serious risk factor possibly leading to a number of diseases. In other cases an individual may have formed unhealthy eating patterns which have lead to an eating disorders. The degree to which diet influences the balance between healthy and disease states may depends on an individual. Having an unhealthy diet and lack of physical activity can lead to an individual being at a higher risk of disease. Healthy nutrition is best when started early in life and breastfeeding of babies can help healthy growth and improves cognitive development as well as assisting with the development of the babies immune system which will protect them in later life. While growing, and all through life, it is crucial to keep energy intake (in calories) in balance with energy expenditure.
Nutrition- diabetes and heart disease
Learning about nutritional and having a healthy diet can helps protect individuals from developing diabetes, heart disease, stroke as well as cancer and seeing a qualified therapist can give the emotional support and practical steps to reaching nutritional goals.
Fat and nutrition
There has been a lot of discussion relating to how some fats are beneficial and how to incorporate the right amount you’re your diet. It has widely been recognized that moving fat consumption away from saturated fats to unsaturated fats, and also towards the elimination of industrial trans fats is a crucial factor in terms of health.
Sugar and nutrition
Likewise there has been a lot of discussion related to sugars and how to limit them in your your diet. It has widely been recognized that limiting intake of free sugars to less than 10% of total energy intake is part of a healthy diet. And then to further reduce your intake of sugar to less than 5% of total energy intake is suggested to give additional health benefits.