The Person-Centred approach, developed by psychologist Dr. Carl Rogers, works on the premise that of trusting the innate tendency of humans to fulfill their personal potentials. This therapy is also known as Rogerian Therapy. An crucial part of this theory is that the description of fulfilling personal potentials encompasses sociability, human interaction and the be known by other people as well as being open to experience, having trust and being trustworthy, being curious, creative and compassionate. The premise of this form of therapy is that each individual has ability and desire for personal growth and positive change and that this “actualizing” tendency, or self-actualisation, is a natural human inclination. This form of therapy does not view individuals as tending to have issues or flaws, problematic behaviour or thoughts requiring treatment but instead works on the basis that humans, in the same way as all living organisms, work toward balance, order, greater complexity and an improved, positive state. It works on the theory that individuals possess a huge range of resources for self-understanding and for changing their self-concepts, attitudes and behaviour. The aim of this therapy is to assist individuals with identifying, accessing and using these resources through building the right, exploratory conditions.
Person-centered therapy is based on learning to recognise and trust in human potential. Therapists work towards assisting clients with reaching deep empathy and an unconditional positive outlook in order to help their steps towards change. During therapy the therapist works by following their client’s instincts as much as possible. So, instead of leading the therapy session the Therapist instead the gives support, guidance, and a framework within so which their client is able to explore and indentify their own personal solutions.
Person-centered therapy was a founding element of the humanistic psychology movement, and played a major role with influencing other therapeutic techniques as well as treatments within the mental health field. Outside of therapy Humanistic or Rogerian techniques have also influenced disciplines ranging from education to medicine.