Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is a short-term form of behavioural treatment which helps people problem-solve and to learn that their perceptions directly interact with how they react to specific situations. CBT also identifies the interconnection between beliefs, thoughts, and feelings, and the behaviors that follow. Which means the basis of CBT investigates how an individual’s thought process informs their behaviors and actions. Cognitive behavioural therapy is treatment technique which combines use of several therapies. including rational emotive behavior therapy, cognitive therapy as well as dialectical behavior therapy.
CBT focusses the present, current concerns as well as looking to the future while past experiences or events may be considered. CBT looks at the way our thoughts and behaviour can affect one another and work on changing our thoughts or behave in a situation in order to alter the way we feel about life. CBT’s aim is to help you understand any negative habits/ learnt behaviours and destructive thought patterns you may have, how they affect you and how you can change them by developing positive patterns.
How Cognitive Behavioural Therapy Works
Cognitive behavioural therapy is grounded in the belief that the way an individual perceives events determines how they will act rather than being the events which determine the individual’s actions or feelings. So with anxious people who believe that “everything will go wrong” their negative thoughts are believed to influence their focus as they often only perceive negative outcomes and see the negative side of things. At the same time they may block or avoid ideas or actions which are contrary to their negative belief system. However, this is a downwards spiral as when the individual proves their negative beliefs they may feel even more anxious than before and this causes their negative belief system to become stronger. It becomes a vicious cycle of anxiety.