Asperger’s syndrome is an autism spectrum disorder that is considered to be at the milder, high functioning end of the autism spectrum. As with other autism spectrum disorders, children with Asperger’s face problems with social skills and communication but they typically function better and generally have normal intelligence and near-normal language development. While there is no cure for Asperger’s syndrome, behavioral therapy is often a critical part of the treatment plan and can help the child develop social and language skills. Parents and siblings of children suffering from Asperger’s can also benefit from therapy to help them develop healthy and supportive ways of coping.
symptoms and severity of Asperger’s syndrome
The symptoms and severity of Asperger’s syndrome vary widely in individuals but can include difficulty interacting with others, trouble making friends, repetitive behaviors, preoccupation with certain rituals or narrow subjects, a limited range of interests, clumsiness or coordination problems. People with Asperger syndrome are of average or above average intelligence. They don’t have the learning disabilities that many autistic people have, but they may have specific learning difficulties. They have fewer problems with speech but may still have difficulties with understanding and processing language. Some people with Asperger syndrome also have mental health issues or other conditions such as anxiety, depression or obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD). Anxiety disorders are very common amongst people on the autism spectrum.
Treatment of Asperger’s syndrome
There is no identified treatment plan for Asperger and research has found limited data on the effectiveness of various interventions which aim to treatment and improving communication skills, physical clumsiness and obsessive or repetitive routine. Treatment can include social skills training, cognitive behavioral therapy, physical therapy, speech therapy, parent training and medications for associated mood or anxiety issues. Asperger syndrome symptoms commonly reduce as sufferers grow older. However, social and communication difficulties usually persist.