Dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) is a form of therapy that was initially created to treat individuals suffering from a borderline personality disorder. Today, DBT is used more widely as part of the treatment plan for many people struggling with behavior or emotions that they can’t control, including problems with self-harm, eating disorders and substance abuse. DBT combines Eastern and Western methods and focuses on teaching individuals mindfulness, social effectiveness, emotion regulation and distress tolerance.
What is Dialectical behavior therapy (DBT)
DBT is a comprehensive cognitive behavioral treatment that focuses on problem solving and acceptance-based strategies. Dialectical refers to bringing together polar concepts such as change and acceptance. DBT is commonly used to treat individuals suffering from addiction, self-harm, eating disorders, posttraumatic stress, borderline personality and other chronic or severe mental health issues. DBT was initially used to treat individuals having chronic suicidal thoughts as a symptom of borderline personality.
DBT usually incorporates these components: Enhanced capability through the development of existing skills as well as teaching of new skills of regulating emotions, interpersonal effectiveness, building tolerance to distress and mindfulness. Generalisation which is learning to transfer and use skills within various settings such as home, school, work, or within the community. Motivational enhancement which is creation of behavioural treatment plans to reduce behaviour which is reducing quality of life. Generally DBT involves individual therapy and group- skills training once a week as well as phone coaching. Group training are designed to help individuals develop behavioural skills through social interaction.