Attachment theory was first developed by psychologist John Bowlby and focuses on the importance of early emotional bonds. Attachment theory investigates the nature of a person’s initial relationship with their primary caregiver (such as a parent) and how it influences their social and emotional development. It was based on observations about how children attached themselves to adults as a way of feeling safe, to form bonds and to assist them growing up as independent and well-functioning adults. John Bowlby noted links between early childhood deprivations and issues with adult in relation to their mental health later in life which led to development of attachment theory and attachment based therapy.
How Attachment theory works to help you
Attachment theory can be used to assist individuals with identifying how they function within intimate relationships. It can be extremely useful as a tool for highlighting issues for those who struggle with relationships and who frequently find themselves in arguments with figures of authority. This form of therapy can assist you with identifying ongoing and repeated behavioural patterns within intimate relationships with partners, family members and even managers. To understand our adult relationships it is important to consider our early childhood relationships. Our very first relationships are crucial and can determine how we handle relationships in later life.
Therapists using attachment theory can help a client to identify their individual attachment style. Attachment styles influences how individuals relate to each other in intimate relationships. Knowing your attachment style can be a powerful tool in understanding your strengths and weaknesses in a relationship.